It’s an adrenaline-charged super exciting adventure to learn to ride a motorcycle. The feelings of the gust of cool wind hitting your face, as you speed through the road riding on your beast, is indeed an overwhelming experience.
If you have never been around motorcycles and thinking of trying your hand (and feet) on this for the first time, it can feel a little frightful. A little knowledge regarding how does a motorcycle work can give you a fair headstart.
So, in this article, I am here to tell you how to tame the beast and unleash its power on the road. In other words, let’s know how does a motorcycle work:
A Little Background Check:
So, our modern motorcycles have descended from the “Safety Bicycles” right from the second half of the 19th century.
Safety bicycles were simply bicycles with same-sized front and rear wheels and used a pedal crank mechanism for driving the rear wheel. And it did not take much time until someone thought of adding a motor to it.
Gottlieb Daimler was the one to build the first motorized bicycle in 1885. From steam engine motorcycles to today’s diesel-fueled, more efficient motorcycles, motorcycles have come a long way. With the development in technologies, they have evolved into one of the most demanded vehicles in the automobile market.
Anatomy Of A Motorcycle
Having an idea about the components would give you a better understanding of how does a motorcycle work.
Now let’s dissect into its anatomy.
Various independent mechanical parts are assembled and engineered to manufacture a motorcycle. These parts of the bike provide for its efficiency, aesthetics, and performance and decide its cost. The major components of a modern motorcycle are:
- Chassis: The chassis comprises the frame and suspension of the motorcycle along with the front forks and the handle-bar.
- The frames are typically made of welded aluminium or steel.
- The suspension arrangement connects the front and the rear wheels. The front suspension is built into the front fork.
- This front fork holds the front wheel and allows the steering action.
- The wheel rims are also steel or aluminium and equipped with pneumatic tires.
- Two independent brakes are present on a motorcycle, each set on a wheel.
- The Power House: Most motorcycles in the commercial market are powered by gasoline internal combustion engines. Few diesel-fueled models also are available. The engines range from a capacity of 50cc to 5000cc.
- Motorcycle engines are usually classified based on three main features: the number of cylinders they have, it’s capacity and the number of strokes delivered in their power cycles.
- Capacity: The size of the combustion chamber in an engine, determines its power output.
Motorcycles usually have one to six cylinders. Engines with more numbers of cylinders give a smoother feel of the ride and increased power. But fewer cylinders models are cheaper.
Single-cylinder configurations range from 50-660cc. Twins have a spectrum of 175cc to 1800cc. Triple cylinders can be 380cc to 2300cc and so on.
- The radiator helps in the dispersion of the heat generated. A coolant circulates inside when the engine is running or they are available as air-cooled.
- The clutch handle is generally at the left handle of the motorcycles. You need to pull the clutch lever, each time you change a gear.
- The Throne: An ideal motorcycle is designed for two passengers. The seat is placed behind the gas tank. Some even have a storage compartment beneath the seats for keeping your essentials on the go.
How Does A Motorcycle Work?
Motorcycles can be a rather simple machine to operate when you get hold of its mechanism.
Motorcycle engines work pretty much in a way similar to that of car engines. The engines consist of pistons, a cylinder block and a head containing the valves. It is powered by gasoline usually, and sometimes diesel.
When the engine is revved up, an explosion of a fuel-air mixture sets the pistons in an up-down motion. The valve opens up to let the fuel-air mixture inside the combustion chamber. The pistons in motion, turns to the crankshaft where their energy is transformed into a rotary motion. This rotational force is transmitted to the rear wheels by the transmission system. When the rear wheels are set in motion, they, in turn, propel the motorcycle in a forward direction.
The handlebar allows for steering the vehicle by moving the front wheels. You can operate the front brake and the clutch by the two hand levers in the front fork. The rear brake is controlled by the right foot pedal. The left foot pedal enables you to change the gear.
So, this is almost everything a beginner needs to know to get a grip on how does a motorcycle work.
Rite Of Passage: The Initiation
To get your motorcycle to move initially, you need to put it in the first gear. All you will have to do is to pull the clutch and push the gear level to one.
Just click the gear, adjust to balance, get steady and you are good to go and conquer the roads.
Want To Speed Up?
The speed of the motorcycle is controlled by the gears. Typically, there are four to six gears in a motorcycle. To speed up your ride and let the excitement hike, just use the hand-operated clutches to shift the gear and feel your heart skip a beat.
How Do You Stop?
I know you wouldn’t want to, but unfortunately, the road comes to an end somewhere.
As said earlier, the front and the back wheels each have a brake. When you activate one of the brakes, hydraulic pressure is transmitted through the brake lines, generating a frictional force. This causes the wheels to slow down and come to a stop.
Unleash, Release And Set Free
So, now that you have managed to gather a fair amount of information on how does a motorcycle work, get ready to put that in action.